OAI-PMH Repository

By John Flatness Exposes Omeka items as an OAI-PMH repository.
Download 2.2

OAI-PMH Repository

A plugin for Omeka.

This plugin implements an Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) repository for Omeka, allowing Omeka items to be harvested by OAI-PMH harvesters. The plugin implements version 2.0 of the protocol.

Metadata Formats

The plugin ships with several default formats. Other plugins can alter these or add their own (see Extending).

Dublin Core (oai_dc)

This is required by the OAI-PMH specification for all repositories. Omeka metadata fields are mapped one-to-one with fields for this output format.

Qualified Dublin Core (oai_qdc)

The Qualified Dublin Core format supports the additional elements added by Dublin Core Extended. For installations that don't use "extended" elements, the metadata output will be the same as for oai_dc.

Added in version 2.2

CDWA Lite (cdwalite)

The mapping between Omeka's metadata and CDWA Lite metadata is more complicated, and certain fields may not be populated correctly. The chief advantage of using CDWA Lite output is that file URLs can be output in a controlled format, unlike Dublin Core. Harvesters may therefore be able to harvest or link to files in addition to metadata.

MODS (mods)

This output crosswalks the Dublin Core metadata to MODS using the mapping recommended by the Library of Congress.

METS (mets)

The Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard format exposes files to harvesters alongside Dublin Core metadata.

RDF (rdf)

This format exposes metadata as RDF/XML. Unlike many of the other formats, RDF allows the repository to expose metadata from different standards all in the same output. The main practical distinction from other formats currently is that the RDF output will automatically include "qualified" data from the Dublin Core Extended plugin, if it's present.

Omeka XML (omeka-xml)

This output format uses an Omeka-specific XML output that includes all metadata elements without requiring crosswalking or subsetting, but is not well-supported by harvesters or other tools.


The plugin has several user-configurable values. You will be prompted to set these at installation time, or you can change them at any time from the Configure link on the plugin management page.

Repository name

Name for this OAI-PMH repository. This value is sent as part of the response to an Identify request, and it is how the repository will be identified by well-behaved harvesters.

Default: The name of the Omeka installation.

Namespace identifier

The oai-identifier specification requires repositories to specify a namespace identifier. This will be used to form globally unique IDs for the exposed metadata items. This value is required to be a domain name you have registered. Using other values will generate invalid identifiers.

Default: If it can, the plugin will try to automatically detect the domain of the server hosting the site, and use that as the default namespace identifier. If a name can't be detected (for example, if the site is accessed through the localhost domain), the default will be "default.must.change" (as you might think, this value is intended to be changed, not used as-is). The plugin will function with this, or any other string, as the namespace identifier, but this breaks the assumption that each identifier is globally unique. Best practice is to set this value to the domain name the Omeka server is published at, possibly with a prefix like "oai."

Expose files

Whether the repository should expose direct URLs to all the files associated with an item as part of its returned metadata. This gives harvesters the ability to directly access the files described by the metadata.

Default: true

Expose empty collections

Whether the plugin should expose empty public collections. If enabled, all public collections are included in ListSets output. If disabled, only collections that actually contain at least one public item will be included in the ListSets output.

Default: true

Added in version 2.1

Expose item type

Whether the plugin should expose the item type as Dublin Core Type. When enabled, for items that belong to an item type, the repository will expose an additional Dublin Core Type element with a value of the item type's name. Note that this option will only expose the item type name, not any other item type metadata.

Default: false

Added in version 2.1

Advanced Configuration

The plugin also allows you to configure some more options about how the repository responds to harvesters. Since the default values are recommended for most users, these values must be edited by hand, in the config.ini file in the plugin's root directory.

List response limit

Number of individual items that can be returned in a response at once. Larger values will increase memory usage but reduce the number of database queries and HTTP requests. Smaller values will reduce memory usage but increase the number of DB queries and requests.

Default: 50

List expiration time

Amount of time in minutes a resumptionToken is valid for. The specification suggests a number in the tens of minutes. This boils down to the length of time a harvester has to request the next part of an incomplete list request.

Default: 10 (minutes)


The plugin provides a filter that other plugins can use to add new metadata formats or replace the existing ones with new implementations. As of version 2.1, it's no longer necessary to add or change files within the plugin itself to change the available formats.

Filter oai_pmh_repository_metadata_formats

The filte passes no extra parameters. The value being filtered is an array of arrays, where each inner array describes a single metadata format. The key in the outer array is the metadata prefix for the format (i.e., oai_dc or rdf). Each inner array has three mandatory keys:

  • class is the name of a class implementing OaiPmhRepository_Metadata_FormatInterface. This class holds the actual implementation of the format.
  • namespace is the XML namespace for the format.
  • schema is the location of the XML schema for the format.

Version History


  • Fixed a bug with XML special characters in Collection names
  • New translations: Catalan, Czech, German, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Serbian


  • New RDF metadata format
  • New oai_pmh_repository_metadata_formats filter to allow other plugins to add and modify metadata formats
  • Localization support (contributed by jajm)
  • New option to exclude empty collections from ListSets (contributed by Daniel-KM)
  • New option to expose item type as Dublin Core Type value (contributed by Daniel-KM)
  • More accurate "earliest datestamp" calculation (contributed by Daniel-KM)
  • Fixed "expose files" flag check for METS and omeka-xml outputs (contributed by Daniel-KM)
  • Additional miscellaneous cleanup (significant portions contributed by Daniel-KM)


  • Initial support for Omeka 2.0 and up
  • File exposure support for METS
Version Released Minimum Omeka version
2.2February 20, 2019 [info]2.0
2.1.1February 27, 2016 [info]2.0
2.1November 05, 2015 [info]2.0
2.0July 24, 2013 [info]2.0
1.2July 17, 2012 [info]1.3
1.0January 04, 2011 [info]1.3