Omeka failed to upload files with non-ASCII characters in the filename. I got the "Something went wrong with image creation" error. Looked in Apache's error log and noticed that convert (ImageMagick) was given a filename with the non-ASCII characters stripped. Pinpointed the problem to application/libraries/Omeka/File/Derivative/Image.php, line 131:
$old_path = escapeshellarg( $old_path );
I realized that the real problem was that LC_CTYPE (or LC_ALL) wasn't set. I added the following to the top of admin/index.php, which fixed the problem:
This was on a default Ubuntu install. I imagine many others must have come across the same problem. Maybe it's a good idea to explicitly set this in PHP, like I did, or at least document it?
Otherwise, my experience with Omeka has been great. I'm going to use it for a couple of projects at work. Thanks for a fine piece of software!